Discuss how you think the title “All Made Up” relates to what Harvey calls the “subject and focus” of the article.
The article “All Made Up” is about sex and gender. The title relates to the context and the multiple messages the author is talking about because she talks about the different genders and sexes there are in the world. We are “all made up” if different aspects and characteristics. Even tho we are all equal or should be classified as equal, we are all different. We are individuals that isn’t alike anyone else in the world. The author points this multiple times inn the reading.
The article “All Made Up” gives us an explanation of how the sex of a human is determined, and how it is not the correct way to do so. The title “All Made Up” basically says everything about the views of the author on the methods used. The article tells us that a person’s sex these days is determined by their anatomy, wether they have organs that would label them either male or female, such as a penis or a uterus. For a person that is anatomically male, but has lived their entire life as a female, it is tough for that person to be considered a male by society. “From an initial state of ambiguity in which practice and community membership rather than genitality determined gendered status, Barbin was forced by medical and legal authorities to adopt a single gender, which was reduced to anatomy and named as sex. Particularized and subjectivized to a degree that ethnographic description can never attain, the diary provided stunning evidence for Foucault’s (50) theory that the very perception of sex identity presumes a regulatory discourse in which the surfaces of bodies are differentially marked, signified, and charged with sensitivity.”(Morris, 1), is an example that supports the idea of how sex is determined, and how it is “all made up”.
The title “All Made Up” is exactly what Harvey means when he calls it the main subject and focus of the article. It’s not real, because there’s longer a definite answer to describe gender. Up till now, we assumed us humans had a specific sex and identity we’re born with. Also a type of role we are expected to play because of our gender. This ideology is no longer present. As stated ”The categories of sex and gender have fallen under the shadow of radical doubt and become the objects of an effort to retheorize the very nature of social subjectivity.” (Morris 568) Since gender is being used in diverse definitions, it lost its original meaning, and causes one to feel skeptical about thinking what is gender.
The title “All Made Up” relates to what Harvey calls the ‘subject and focus’
of the article due to the fact that ‘All Made Up’ is a term that one might potentially use
to describe the nature of popular beliefs regarding the concept of (the matter at hand the article explores) gender. The validity of societal constructs is being thoroughly questioned and challenged. The ‘established’ beliefs of many people today are being questioned, challenged and simply rejected. The article explains that gender has no sole definition. Readers of the article can take away the idea that today’s world is now discovering, more and more, that the concept of gender is a very intricate and dynamic one- and is a concept worthy of sensitive, thoughtful respect in analytical treatment.
The title “All Made Up” represents the point being made repeatedly throughout the writing. There are constant points being made as to why there is a problem with how we are viewed based on our gender. Old fashion ideologies had slowed down progress for understanding that there is not only two clear cut sides for what a person can be. There are multiple ways a person can end up being born. To think that a person cann only be male or female and nothing else is completely wrong; or can be considered “All Made Up.” The reason for a need of defining gender is due to ambiguity, “For much gender theory, ambiguity has become
that which permits and even necessitates the formation of gender difference:
the word that demands the flesh made gender (44, 54) ,(Morris 570).” There needs to be something that defines who we are and having two ways of defining someone as what they are is what society has been comfortable with for a long time. The goal of the future is to see through it to the end that theres more to gender identity than we first thought because what we knew before was all made up.
The title of Morris’, “All Made Up” article focuses on many different theories about sex and gender. The title correctly correlates to the article because the author demonstrates the subject of his story through the title. The definition of gender can be thought of the title, all made up; there is not one definition to properly fit the word gender. Its stated that “The categories of sex and gender have fallen under the shadow of radical doubt and become the objects of an effort to retheorize the very nature of social subjectivity.” (Morris 568) This quote demonstrates that what was once an easy definition is now being tossed around and unsure of how one can correctly define gender.
“All Made Up: Performance theory and the New Anthropology of sex and gender” explores different theories surrounding gender. I think the title “All Made Up” relates to the fact of how gender and sex is being understood now a days. The term gender is seen differently by many people around the world. Not everyone agrees with a specific definition. Morris states that “Gender is something people do rather than an entity or a quality they possess” this in my view means people in this world are phonies. They act different than what they actually are. I honestly believe that it is better to be yourself because it makes your life easier and causes significantly less problems in society.
The subject and focus of the article “All Made Up” is sex and gender. The title of the article relates to the subject and focus for different reasons. “The categories of sex and gender have fallen under the shadow of radical doubt and become the objects of an effort to retheorize the very nature of social subjectivity.” (Morris, 568) This quote relates to the subject and focus and the title of the article because it explains that people have different discussions, and make many various theories about sex and gender.
The title “All Made Up” relates to what Harvey calls the “subject and focus” of the article because the article is talking about how the concept of sex and gender is fake. For example when it states “The categories of sex and gender have fallen under the shadow of radical doubt and become the objects of an effort to retheorize the very nature of social subjectivity.” (Morris 568) This quote shows that Morris believes that in modern day view the concept of sex and gender is being rethought as being the fixed concept it once was.
“All Made Up: Performance Theory and the New Anthropology of Sex and Gender” discusses the many theories revolving around the subject of sex and gender. Different people have different views of how gender is perceived in the world. In Herculine Barbin’s memoirs written by Foucault, Barbin was forced by medical and legal authorities to adapt a single gender because he was a hermaphrodite, and there gender was based on anatomy and labeled the sex of a person (568). According to De Lauretis, “gender is a representation, and at the same time, that the representation of gender is its construction” (569). Butler also presents us with a similar theory by saying that “gender is something people do rather than an entity or quality they posses” (573). The article provides us with many understandings of sex and gender, however all of them are just theories of what different people believe. I think the title “All Made Up” is the subject and focus of the article because it shows how society is still confused with the definition of sex and gender. Gender and sex have a lot of blurred areas and everyone believes something different, which to others might seem like it is made up.
The title “All made Up” relates to what Morris calls the “subject and focus” of the article because he states a lot of theoretical ideologies regarding gender. I think his subject and focus is the impact of the theory of gender performativity on anthropological effects to theorize sex and gender (Morris 567). Later on in the article, Morris discusses how identity is said to be materialized by the gender system in the imitation of ideal corporeal styles (Morris 567). This relates to the title “All made up” because if peoples identities are an imitation of one another, then in reality we are all “made up”. Even though we live in a very individualistic and free society, we are not really free. We are bounded to the shackles of society, even when it comes to such a simple aspect of life, our gender. Basically with all these gender theories, nothing is certain, it can also be said they are “made up”, which relates to the title, but it should still be considered because there is so much more to gender than what society thinks of it as.
I agree with Hamid’s point on how he thinks the title “All Made Up” relates to the subject and focus of the article. His point in which he discusses that “Even though we live in a very individualistic and free society, we are not really free. We are bounded to the shackles of society, even when it comes to such a simple aspect of life, our gender.” (Hamid) This point he makes relates to the point Morris is trying to make about the theories of gender and how society affects our views on genders. This view on gender is an idea that is all around the world that society has created. Such as the names that are created for the transgender in other regions of the world “Ber-dache of North America, hijra for India, or the Kathoey of Thailand.” (Morris 570) The title “All Made Up” relates to the subject and focus of the article because Morris is trying to emphasize, just as Hamid pointed out, that if we are a copy of one another than in that case we are all basically all the same and made up. We aren’t individuals we have created, but are just carbon copies of each other with behaviors and personalities that are alike. As he states on page 568, “The categories of sex and gender have fallen under the shadow of radical doubt and become the objects of an effort to retheorize the very nature of social subjectivity.” I agree with this statement because sex and gender should be based on your own preferences, not what someone else establishes with their theories.
The title “All Made Up” might refer to the idea anatomy does not make up the gender of a person . Gender is characterized differently by many people around the world. Morris speaks of a society that believes that gender is straightforward “but in an age of surgical plasticity and prosthetic extension it becomes necessary to rethink the nature of sexed bodies.”(Morris,1) There are many theories behind what determines gender one being cultural factors.For example ” Turkana child is linguistically marked as neutral or androgynous until initiation rites when she or he assumes a sex identity in a system of binary opposition.” (Morris,3) .So in terms of this cultural being a boy or girl is not determined on anatomy it is based on fulfilling traditional genders revolving around genders. Gender differentiation
is all made up and determined on different terms and theories.
The title “All Made Up” involves the theories we have about sex and gender and how they are not fact. I believe the subject and focus of the article is that sex is something we possess (our genetlia), and gender is based on our actions and thoughts. In the past gender was black and white “Laquer argues that the dominant ideology of premodern Europe conceived of one sex and two genes, male and female bodies understood as mere inversions of a single morphological possibility defined by the penis” (Morris 569.) I can’t say I completely agree with the subject and focus of the article because I find it hard to grasp the concept of someone being born a male and later converting to female. Biologically I can’t think of a disease or birth defect that would cause someone to be born a male but want to be a female in their mind. However I am open to Morris’s theory and accept it as a possibility.
Morris’s “All Made Up” talks about gender and the different theories about gender. It talks about cross-dressing, transgender and many other gender topics. All made up is a great title for this because everything written within this article are just theories. Many different people wrote different things, not everyone agrees on the term gender to have the same definition. All these people have different opinions on what Gender is. In the article it talks about “Gender is something people do rather than an entity or a quality they possess.” (Morris, ) I believe this is trying to say people are fake. We try to portray ourselves as something we are not. We try to fit in with society rather than stand out and be something different. Be someone we truly are. I think this one sentence really describes the title “All Made Up.”
The title “All Made Up” expresses what all of our theories and definition of what gender really are, made up. Nothing in our body is set in stone that defines our sex/gender. We have been brought up in a world that suffers from a black or white view, Male or Female were the only genders that we knew existed. The “subject and focus” of this article is the question, and opinions of what one’s sex and gender really are. With huge advancements in science we know that gender is no longer black or white. That the truth in gender and sex is what one decides for themselves. Morris brings up that ” In the first place, ambiguous and/or third genders refuse to be collapsed into the system of metonymic representation that operates in the modern West, where certain body parts are charged with the task of signifying and predicting gender”(577). An example of people not just ‘male’ or ‘female’ that do not want to be a part of the black or white view on gender. Instead they are aware that the world, and gender, are not such simple matters.
In my opinion, I think that the title “All Made Up” relates to the fact of how gender and sex is being perceived in the modern world today. In addition, I think that this has a lot to do with the number of variation of theories in the world in regards to this particular subject. For example, ” As Laquear demonstrates, different consequences are entailed by discourses n which masculinity and femininity are imagined as maters of interiority and exteriority rather than the presence or absence of the phallus. This concern with the historical varieties of binarity demonstrates how a “sex/gender” system that privileges the visible organ both reflects and enacts an epistemology in which reality is reduced to appearance, to visible surfaces.”( Morris page 569) Also, I believe that the subject of focus in this article is solely purposed on the “ideal” individual. Thus, from the beginning, sex/gender systems mark individuals with the possibility of being other than ideal, a possibility that is represented by the normative system as failure, but that may be embraced by individuals in courageous and joyously subversive ways.” (Morris page 573). In the article, there is a discussion in which it addresses issues of bodily reform and how it defines how sexes are written on our bodies.” This is especially true when ethnographers address issues of bodily reform such as circumcision scarification, and infibulation. “( Morris page 575). This just goes to show how many different factors play into the gender and sex and how we are identified by society.
“All Made Up: Performance Theory and the New Anthropology of Sex and Gender” discusses the various theories surrounding sex and gender. I believe that the title “All Made Up” relates to the various reasons and thoughts behind the many stated theories that revolve around the “subject and focus”, the true meaning of one’s sex and gender. Many of the theories all relate to one idea; sex is something we possess, and rather, gender is something that is a set of actions and thoughts that produce something we can follow. The article states, “Under the influence of Butler’s (18-20) re-reading of Austin’s (7) speech act theory, the process by which difference and identity are constructed in and through the discourses of sexuality is referred to increasingly as gender performativity.” (Morris, pg 569) These statements revolve around the concept that our everyday practice has a lot to do with our gender identification.
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